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Fundamentals of Photography

Lesson 13 of 107

Camera Settings - Details

John Greengo

Fundamentals of Photography

John Greengo

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Lesson Info

13. Camera Settings - Details


Class Trailer
1 Class Introduction 23:32 2 Photographic Characteristics 06:46 3 Camera Types 03:03 4 Viewing System 22:09 5 Lens System 24:38 6 Shutter System 12:56 7 Shutter Speed Basics 10:16 8 Shutter Speed Effects 31:57
9 Camera & Lens Stabilization 11:06 10 Quiz: Shutter Speeds 07:55 11 Camera Settings Overview 16:12 12 Drive Mode & Buffer 04:24 13 Camera Settings - Details 10:21 14 Sensor Size: Basics 18:26 15 Sensor Sizes: Compared 24:52 16 The Sensor - Pixels 22:49 17 Sensor Size - ISO 26:59 18 Focal Length 11:36 19 Angle of View 31:29 20 Practicing Angle of View 04:59 21 Quiz: Focal Length 08:15 22 Fisheye Lens 12:32 23 Tilt & Shift Lens 20:37 24 Subject Zone 13:16 25 Lens Speed 09:03 26 Aperture 08:25 27 Depth of Field (DOF) 21:46 28 Quiz: Apertures 08:22 29 Lens Quality 07:06 30 Light Meter Basics 09:04 31 Histogram 11:48 32 Quiz: Histogram 09:07 33 Dynamic Range 07:25 34 Exposure Modes 35:15 35 Sunny 16 Rule 04:31 36 Exposure Bracketing 08:08 37 Exposure Values 20:01 38 Quiz: Exposure 20:44 39 Focusing Basics 13:08 40 Auto Focus (AF) 24:39 41 Focus Points 17:18 42 Focus Tracking 19:26 43 Focusing Q&A 06:40 44 Manual Focus 07:14 45 Digital Focus Assistance 07:35 46 Shutter Speeds & Depth of Field (DOF) 05:18 47 Quiz: Depth of Field 15:54 48 DOF Preview & Focusing Screens 04:55 49 Lens Sharpness 11:08 50 Camera Movement 11:29 51 Advanced Techniques 15:15 52 Quiz: Hyperfocal Distance 07:14 53 Auto Focus Calibration 05:15 54 Focus Stacking 07:58 55 Quiz: Focus Problems 18:54 56 Camera Accessories 32:41 57 Lens Accessories 29:24 58 Lens Adaptors & Cleaning 13:14 59 Macro 13:02 60 Flash & Lighting 04:47 61 Tripods 14:13 62 Cases 06:07 63 Being a Photographer 11:29 64 Natural Light: Direct Sunlight 28:37 65 Natural Light: Indirect Sunlight 15:57 66 Natural Light: Mixed 04:20 67 Twilight: Sunrise & Sunset Light 22:21 68 Cloud & Color Pop: Sunrise & Sunset Light 06:40 69 Silhouette & Starburst: Sunrise & Sunset Light 07:28 70 Golden Hour: Sunrise & Sunset Light 07:52 71 Quiz: Lighting 05:02 72 Light Management 10:46 73 Flash Fundamentals 12:06 74 Speedlights 04:12 75 Built-In & Add-On Flash 10:47 76 Off-Camera Flash 25:48 77 Off-Camera Flash For Portraits 15:36 78 Advanced Flash Techniques 08:22 79 Editing Assessments & Goals 08:57 80 Editing Set-Up 06:59 81 Importing Images 03:59 82 Organizing Your Images 32:41 83 Culling Images 13:57 84 Categories of Development 30:59 85 Adjusting Exposure 08:03 86 Remove Distractions 04:02 87 Cropping Your Images 09:53 88 Composition Basics 26:36 89 Point of View 28:56 90 Angle of View 14:35 91 Subject Placement 23:22 92 Framing Your Shot 07:27 93 Foreground & Background & Scale 03:51 94 Rule of Odds 05:00 95 Bad Composition 07:31 96 Multi-Shot Techniques 19:08 97 Pixel Shift, Time Lapse, Selective Cloning & Noise Reduction 12:24 98 Human Vision vs The Camera 23:32 99 Visual Perception 10:43 100 Quiz: Visual Balance 14:05 101 Visual Drama 16:45 102 Elements of Design 09:24 103 Texture & Negative Space 03:57 104 Black & White & Color 10:33 105 The Photographic Process 09:08 106 Working the Shot 25:29 107 What Makes a Great Photograph? 07:01

Lesson Info

Camera Settings - Details

Memory cards are obviously necessary for storing images on our digital cameras. What's gonna happen is that they're gonna go into a folder, and into another folder. And what happens when you delete those photos is it generally will start a new folder and store those images in there. And when you delete those, it starts another folder. And what happens after a long period of time is you end up with a cluttered database of empty, ghost folders and file directories that you're no longer using, and it's potential that it could cause a communication problem with your camera. And your camera might just go, "card error, reformat." Okay, then you're in trouble. Gotta take that card out, download those images, put another card in, which is one of the reasons why I say, "Always carry a spare memory card." Even though you may not run through the first one in full images, you just keep it there for emergency replacement purposes. So what you'll need to do on your cards on a regular basis is to for...

mat the card, and what this does is it deletes the photos, the ghost folders, the data directory, gets rid of everything on the card so that it's basically a clean slate that you're starting with. And so, I reformat my cards generally before I go out on any shoot or any sort of tour, or vacation, or trip. Because I wanna leave the house with a fresh set of places to put all my pictures. And that helps maintain the life of that card as long as possible, you want to be formatting on a regular basis. If it's July, I do not want to see Christmas photos on your camera, all right? You should have downloaded those pictures long ago. Don't leave them on your camera for a long period of time. It's just waiting to get lost or have something happen to it. You need to get it backed up as soon as possible. In your camera there's gonna be an option for formatting the card. Don't do it right now unless you're sure that there's nothing on that card that you want. This is something that if I go out and shoot, I'll come back, I'll download my images. I won't reformat right then, something may happen with my computer and I can go back to my camera. I'll wait til the next time I go out, and then I'll check. Yep, I've downloaded these, and then I'll reformat the cards and clean everything off. One of the other little minor things in your camera, but it can be important later on, especially if you're trying to restructure when everything happened, is the date and time. And so this is something that you need to go in and you need to adjust for Daylight savings, and those little time changes, and when you travel to new time zones you're gonna want to adjust that so that when you're shooting photos you can go back. Ahh, yes I was up at seven o'clock in the morning shooting these photos, and then at lunch we shot those photos. That sticks with the metadata that is attached to the photograph. You don't see it in the photograph, but all the file information, it's located in there. It can be very helpful. Firmware is the software that runs the operations of the camera, and from time to time, these software engineers make a mistake. Or, they come up with a new feature. And if you want to get a new Firmware version for your camera, they are often issuing updates. Some companies do it more than others, sometimes it's for things that just don't matter, like a spelling mistake in a foreign language that you're never gonna use. Sometimes, they add in features. There are some companies, Fuji, that adds in maybe too many Firmware updates. But they add in cool features, they just had a camera that did not shoot 4K video and now it does, because they just added a free software. Which is great customer service, making my camera better as time goes along. And so, go to your camera manufacturer's website, look up your camera, look up what the current Firmware is, I'm not gonna go into how to check it on your camera, but generally it's gonna be in your menu system somewhere, and see if you have the current Firmware. If you don't, you can get the new Firmware for free. Go to the website and follow their instructions about downloading it to your camera. All cameras these days have custom functions. Boy, when I think back to the original days, the Canon EOS-1, first camera ever had custom functions. Six. Six things you could tweak this way or that way. Now, let's see I'm trying to think, the Nikon D had close to 300 custom functions in the camera. Functions, I call them custom functions. But they're functions, different things that you can tweak and adjust in your camera, and so there are all sorts of ways that you can tailor your camera. You know, you can take a camera like this one here. Almost all these buttons are reprogrammable on the camera. Do you wanna press this to focus, do you want this to be the self timer, do you want this to be your metering or do you want that to be your metering? And all of us are going to be a little bit different. I mean, kind of neat thing is that if all of us had the exact same camera and customized it, everyone's camera would be a little bit different. Because no, I like doing this with here, and I go into this one all the time. And getting a camera customized to you is like getting your own home and decorating it. It's like, this is how I like to live, this is me. This is tailored for me. And so I encourage you to get in there. We don't have time to do it now, there's far too many cameras and far too many custom functions. But there's a lot in there and there's a lot of things that you can check out and customize to the way you like to work. This is one of those forgotten controls. A lot of people don't even know, I'm surprised at how many people don't even know that their camera has a diopter control. I go, "Yeah, if you turn that dial it makes it clear when you look through the viewfinder." Like, "Oh good, I thought I was going nuts here." You wanna adjust this viewfinder so that the text data in the viewfinder, the numbers and any sort of text generally on the bottom, is gonna be nice and sharp. Don't worry about what the lens is focused at, it's that data of information in there. You want that sharp, if you have that sharp you've got it in the right spot and you can leave it be. I've just found that these get bumped from time to time. They need to make better locking, turning. Some of them are pretty good, the Nikon ones are pretty good 'cause they pull out, they turn it, and then they lock it in. Now if you happen to share your camera with somebody else, good luck, because you might be arguing over where that dial gets put. So those are a few of the most important secondary controls on the camera, we'll talk about other things like image stabilization and obviously the important shutter speeds, apertures, and ISOs as we go through. But those are a few of the other critical settings for getting your camera set up properly. Question from Eileen who says, "Do you happen to know where on the Kelvin scale these newer energy-saving light bulbs are? Have you come into that and like what's closest?" Right, and so fluorescent light bulbs have a wide range. And I'd say Nikon probably has the widest range. They can reach down from really warm to normal lights. And so when you buy your lights, look at them. Are they cool white, are they warm? Take a look at the number. They're probably not gonna have a Kelvin temperature. But they'll probably have some sort of wording as to what style light they are, and it's whatever looks good, it's whatever you want it to be. There is also the option in many cameras of doing a test where you shoot a white piece of paper and you get it set. In some cameras, they'll tell you what it is. And in many cameras, you can set it manually. Just set out a white piece of paper and dial in 8000. See what that looks like, 7000, 6000, 5000. You'll be able to easily tell which looks the whitest, cleanest without any color reflecting that light. And so there are a wide variety and the, you know, LED lights, they can run the gamut. 'Cause they can make them pretty much any temperature. And so traditionally, fluorescent lights have been kind of this greenish color, but now they're making a lot of fluorescents a little bit more warm, like tungsten lights. And so, wide gamut to choose from there. All right, it is time to enter the second big section of the class, and that is the sensor. We're gonna be talking about the image sensor in the camera and lot of things about it. But first, let's have a little bit of fun, all right? So, I wanna share with you a photographer's life in chart form, okay? And so you start off with a basic camera. And then you get your first serious camera, you'll probably end up with a tripod. And then there will be more cameras down the road, hopefully a long life of lenses until the bitter end. So this is your timeline here, and over on the left we're gonna measure your skill level at how good you are at different things. And the first thing is your knowledge level of photography. Nobody is born knowing it all, and so it's perfectly fine to have lots of questions. Now when you start taking your first photography class and using manual exposure, you're gonna get better. But then there's gonna be new equipment and new software that comes out, and it's constantly a changing game. And so you're gonna need to take classes and workshops and stay educated on these changes. Trust me, all the people that are my age that have lived through manual focus to autofocus to digital to mirrorless have had to keep up with all these changes. It's an art based on technology and that's where we live. Next, let's look at the quality of photographs. I have known nobody that takes great photos from the very beginning. It takes practice. And often times, you learn a little bit, and then you start getting involved in things that are over your head. And you end up getting yourself just enough information to be dangerous. But eventually, the quality of your photographs will parallel your knowledge level. If you want to take better photographs, become more knowledgeable in everything that you are doing. The final thing we'll look at is how good you think you are. Now for some reason, non-photographers think they would be the best photographers. Photography seems very easy. And then they get their first camera, and they start like, "This is hard. I'm getting bad results." A lot of people have a very negative feeling about things. But eventually, they learn more, they get better, they feel better, then they have a bad day. (audience laughs) And then they have a good day, and then they have another bad day. But eventually, if you study, you go out there, you shoot, you will get better, you will feel better about how you shoot. This is kind of a common feeling that a lot of photographers go through.

Class Description

Short on time? This class is available HERE as a Fast Class, exclusively for Creator Pass subscribers.

As a photographer, you will need to master the technical basics of the camera and form an understanding of the kind of equipment you need. The Fundamentals of Digital Photography will also teach something even more important (and crucial for success) - how to bring your creative vision to fruition.

Taught by seasoned photographer John Greengo, the Fundamentals of Digital Photography places emphasis on quality visuals and experiential learning. In this course, you’ll learn:

  • How to bring together the elements of manual mode to create an evocative image: shutter speed, aperture, and image composition.
  • How to choose the right gear, and develop efficient workflow.
  • How to recognize and take advantage of beautiful natural light.

John will teach you to step back from your images and think critically about your motivations, process, and ultimate goals for your photography project. You’ll learn to analyze your vision and identify areas for growth. John will also explore the difference between the world seen by the human eye and the world seen by the camera sensor. By forming an awareness of the gap between the two, you will be able to use your equipment to its greatest potential.


a Creativelive Student

Love love all John Greengo classes! Wish to have had him decades ago with this info, but no internet then!! John is the greatest photography teacher I have seen out there, and I watch a lot of Creative Live classes and folks on YouTube too. John is so detailed and there are a ton of ah ha moments for me and I know lots of others. I think I own 4 John Greengo classes so far and want to add this one and Travel Photography!! I just drop everything to watch John on Creative Live. I wish sometime soon he would teach a Lightroom class and his knowledge on photography post editing.!!! That would probably take a LOT OF TIME but I know John would explain it soooooo good, like he does all his Photography classes!! Thank you Creative Live for having such a wonderful instructor with John Greengo!! Make more classes John, for just love them and soak it up! There is soooo much to learn and sometimes just so overwhelming. Is there anyway you might do a Motivation class!!?? Like do this button for this day, and try this technique for a week, or post this subject for this week, etc. Motivation and inspiration, and playing around with what you teach, needed so much and would be so fun.!! Just saying??? Awaiting gadgets class now, while waiting for lunch break to be over. All the filters and gadgets, oh my. Thank you thank you for all you teach John, You are truly a wonderful wonderful instructor and I would highly recommend folks listening and buying your classes.


I don't think that adjectives like beautiful, fantastic or excellent can describe the course and classes with John Greengo well enough. I've just bought my first camera and I am a total amateur but I fell in love with photography while watching the classes with John. It is fun, clear, understandable, entertaining, informative and and and. He is not only a fabulous photographer but a great teacher as well. Easy to follow, clear explanations and fantastic visuals. The only disadvantage I can list here that he is sooooo good that keeps me from going out to shoot as I am just glued to the screen. :-) Don't miss it and well worth the money invested! Thank you John!


Dear John, thanks for this outstanding classes. You are not only a great photographer and instructor, but your classes are pleasant, they are not boring, with a good sense of humor, they go straight to the point and have a good time listening to you. Please, keep teaching what you like most, and I will continue to look for your classes. And thanks for using a plain English, that it's important for people who has another language as native language. Thanks again, Juan